CESS

Commentaries

28

EUCAM Commentary No. 28

Renewing EU and US Soft Power in Central Asia

Author:
Marlene Laruelle and Eric McGlinchey
Date:
27.10.17
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 28

Western influence in Central Asia is at an all-time low. Public opinion surveys in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan demonstrate that perceptions of the EU and US are eroding. What is driving low EU and US favourability? How can the EU and US remain relevant in Central Asia? And what role should soft power play in renewed EU and US approaches to Central Asia?

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27

EUCAM Commentary No. 27

Mastering a Façade democracy: elections in Uzbekistan

Author:
Marlene Laruelle
Date:
03.04.15
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 27

President Islam Karimov of Uzbekistan has been re-elected after scoring 90 per cent of votes at the Uzbek general elections held on 29 March 2015. Like all the previous polls, this was a carefully orchestrated, ‘no-surprises’ election. Since becoming the country’s first president in 1990, Karimov has mastered the art of creating a Façade democracy. Several cosmetic changes have been implemented in recent years, all designed to pretend to comply with international norms and standards, but in practice ridding the political system of all meaning while a cloud hangs over the country’s economic prospects.

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26

EUCAM Commentary No. 26

EU-Kyrgyzstan human rights diplomacy: good effort but weak follow-up

Author:
Cono Giardullo
Date:
17.11.14
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 26

On 29-30 October, the 5th EUKyrgyzstan Civil Society Seminar (CSS) was held in Osh in south Kyrgyzstan. This year’s topic was the ‘Prevention of Torture’ which is one of the priorities of the EU’s human rights policy in Central Asia, and is particularly relevant in the case of Kyrgyzstan after the 2010 ethnic violence.

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25

EUCAM Commentary No. 25

What role for the European Parliament in Central Asia?

Author:
Tika Tsertsvadze
Date:
24.09.14
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 25

The challenges – internally and externally – for the new European legislature are numerous. Despite being only a small part of the puzzle, Central Asia should also be on the agenda. Authoritarianism remains on the rise and human rights and democracy are in decline throughout the region.

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24

EUCAM Commentary No. 24

Looking for National Consensus in Post-Violence Kyrgyzstan

Author:
Erica Marat
Date:
12.05.14
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 24

Following the June 2010 violence in Kyrgyzstan, ethnic nationalist voices of all stripes have become particularly loud, expressing their views to receptive audiences through mass media outlets and political platforms. Yet, there is a small group of civic-minded nationalists and moderate Kyrgyz nationalists who are fighting to tame extremists by formulating reconciliation policies.

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23

EUCAM Commentary No. 23

Is the EU downscaling political engagement in Central Asia?

Author:
Jos Boonstra
Date:
26.02.14
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 23

As of 1 March 2014, the EU will no longer have a EUSR to Central Asia. Ambassador Patricia Flor who has fulfilled the role since June 2012 has been recalled to Berlin and she will not be replaced. Instead, the EEAS is likely to appoint a special envoy to the region. As an EEAS staff member, an envoy will have less political clout with Central Asian leaders and in broader political processes than an EUSR who is appointed by the Council of the EU on behalf of member states.

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22

EUCAM Commentary No. 22

EUCAM essay competition

Author:
Svetlana Dzardanova, Saipira Furstenberg and Rashid Gabdulhakov
Date:
03.07.13
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 22

FRIDE’s EUCAM programme invited students, young researchers, and scholars from Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to write an essay on Europe in Central Asia. We congratulate Svetlana Dzardanova, Saipira Furstenberg and Rashid Gabdulhakov for their excellent essays.

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21

EUCAM Commentary No. 21

The Kyrgyzstani Presidential Elections: Atambayev's Challenges

Author:
Elmira Satybaldieva
Date:
30.11.11
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 21

After much anticipation and anxiety about the presidential elections in Kyrgyzstan, there is a feeling of relief that Almazbek Atambaev won the contest with an overwhelming majority, making a second round of elections unnecessary. The presidential race passed off without violence and unrest, which many in Kyrgyzstan consider an achievement in itself. The scale of Atambaev’s majority took many commentators by surprise as some had predicted a low turnout and a strong oppositional challenge. But according to the Central Electoral Commission, the turnout was 61.28 percent and Atambaev gained 63 percent of the votes. The elections were observed by 792 international observers from 56 countries. Although international observers have criticized electoral irregularities, pointing to incomplete voter registrations and ballot stuffing, overall the elections were assessed as encouraging.

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20

EUCAM Commentary No. 20

Promises and hurdles in EU-Kazakhstan energy cooperation

Author:
Nargis Kassenova
Date:
20.11.11
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 20

Kazakhstan’s Prime Minister, Karim Massimov, once referred to energy cooperation as the ‘core’ of relations between his country and the European Union (EU). Indeed, there is great mutual interest in this area. Six percent of the EU’s crude oil imports and 16 percent of its uranium imports come from Kazakhstan. And around 80 percent of the latter’s oil exports go towards Europe. For Kazakhstani producers, access to European lucrative and reliable markets is of utmost importance. Over the last several years, the thrust of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy was aimed at increasing the capacity of the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) that pumps Kazakhstani oil to Europe. Moreover, Kazmunaigaz’s (KMG) – the national oil and gas company – major external investment was in the Romanian oil company Rompetrol.

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19

EUCAM Commentary No. 19

Go Gorno-Badakhshan

Author:
Jos Boonstra
Date:
10.11.11
Type of Publication:
Commentary
Language: EN
EUCAM Commentary No. 19

The autonomous region of Gorno-Badakhshan (GBAO) in Tajikistan offers one of the world’s most impressive landscapes. The Pamir Mountains with peaks of up to 7,500 meters is second only to the Himalayas. Culturally the region also has much to offer with a variety of well-preserved traditions and numerous languages. GBAO, which makes up 45 per cent of Tajikistan’s territory but only 3 per cent of its population, is however extremely isolated. From Dushanbe there are adventurous but irregular flights in late spring, summer and early autumn but most travellers will need to take a bumpy 17 hour car journey. Other options to reach GBAO are equally challenging, either mountain passes from China’s Xinjiang region and the city of Osh in Kyrgyzstan or crossing the Panj River from northeast Afghanistan where a few bridges have been built.

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Policy Briefs

Policy Brief

No. 36

Is Kazakhstan's rising star fading?

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Working Papers/Reports

Report

No. 19

Implementation and review of the European Union - Central Asia Strategy: Recommendations for EU action

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Commentaries

Commentary

No. 28

Renewing EU and US Soft Power in Central Asia

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EUCAM Watch

EUCAM Watch

No. 18

Towards a new EU Strategy for Central Asia

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